The passage of the 2018 Farm Bill removed hemp products from the controlled substances list, thereby clearing the path for convenience stores and other retailers to begin selling hemp-derived products, including cannabidiol (CBD). In 2021, industry analytics valued the CBD sector at approximately $35 billion and growing at more than 8.0%. But what makes this category so enticing to consumers? How does CBD make a person feel?
Undoubtedly, you’ve heard various stories about why customers use CBD products. There’s plenty of anecdotal evidence that oils, tinctures, gummies, bath bombs and topical applications ease a slew of conditions, from anxiety to aiding smoking cessation, insomnia and, most recently, muscle recovery after exercising.
First, it’s helpful to know a bit more about the three common types of CBD: full spectrum, broad spectrum and CBD isolate. Full spectrum is the only type that contains THC, the psychoactive compound in marijuana. Broad-spectrum CBD is a mixture of cannabinoids and terpenes, fragrant oils naturally found in many plants, including cannabis and hemp. CBD isolate is pure CBD. And according to the World Health Organization, none of these CBD types poses risk of abuse or dependence.
Regardless of type, medical professionals believe cannabinoids interact with specific receptors in the central nervous system and block inflammatory sensors, which could help explain assertions that CBD lessens pain associated with several chronic conditions, such as arthritis. According to user feedback, the most distinguishing effect felt when using CBD products is an overall sense of relaxation, but not an intoxication like that brought on by marijuana.
Researchers also suspect cannabinoids affect systems that release pleasure responses, such as the hormone serotonin, which helps moderate moods and memory. It’s for these reasons individuals insist CBD helps ease anxiety and depression.
Scientists examining terpenes’ effect on the endocannabinoid system are intrigued by early findings suggesting their pairing with CBD enhances therapeutic value. For example, pinene is said to have mood and pain relief properties. Myrcene is believed to calm, while terpinolene uplifts.
On the other hand, doctors have noted some uncomfortable side effects associated with CBD use, including diarrhea, dizziness, drowsiness, dry mouth and nausea.
Because the product category remains classified as nutritional supplements and unregulated by the FDA, CBD manufacturers are prohibited from making specific health claims.